1Ki 3:16-28, 28 And all Israel heard of the judgment that the king had rendered, and they stood in awe of the king, because they perceived that the wisdom of God was in him to do justice.
The incident in which Solomon saved a life of a little baby gave convincing proof of the gift of wisdom. There were no witnesses to corroborate the two women’s story. Solomon by wisdom appealed to the instincts of a mother’s love. The proposal to divide the child at once revealed the mother, who would rather expose herself to a life of anguish than see her child suffer. Solomon’s judgement was not driven by emotions or influenced by others, it was well thought, weighed and tested matters carefully before rendering justice.
Bishop Hall, commenting on this incident, says, “Truth demands entireness; falsehood is satisfied with less. Satan, who has no right to the heart, is content with a piece of it; God, who made the heart, will have either all or none.”
God spared the life of a child because He gave Solomon a heart and wisdom to do justice and all Israel recognized it. Psa 89:14 “Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.”